Accidents

Whiplash Injuries, Slips & Falls

Whiplash Injuries, Slips & Falls

Accidents are a common cause of injury. They can be Work Related Accidents, Road Traffic Accidents, Slips and Falls on the pavement, or simply tripping over your shoe laces! Accident related injury are usually characterised by a sudden trauma causing soft tissue or bone injury. Because they can happen to anyone at any time, the severity of injury can differ hugely from person to person. There are some common types of injury associated with Accidents, in particular Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) or Road Traffic Collision (RTC).

 

 

 

 

 

Whiplash Injuries/Whiplash Associated Disorders/WAD

CAUSE

The majority of Whiplash Injuries are caused by Road Traffic Accidents or Road Traffic Collisions. They occur when the neck is forced beyond its normal range of movement. This can causes injury to the muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, joints, and occasionally bones of the neck.

 

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms depend on the severity of injury but almost always include neck pain, neck stiffness, muscle spasm in the neck and shoulder muscles, pain looking left and right, tenderness in the neck and shoulder muscles, headaches, and occasionally pain and numbness into the arms.

 

TREATMENT

Physiotherapy can be very helpful when treatment Whiplash Injuries. Treatments can include Sports Massage, Manipulation/Mobilisation, Stretching, Heat Therapy, Exercise, and Rehabilitation. Postural advice is also helpful when recovering from a Whiplash Injury.

 

 

Back Muscle Strains/Lumbar Injury

CAUSE

Road Traffic Accidents or Road Traffic Collisions can also cause Back Muscle Strains or Lumbar Spine Injuries. They usually occur because of sudden movement in the lower back, or when trying to lift something heavy. The underlying injury is the same as any other type of Muscle Tear. Back Muscle Strains can be extremely debilitating.

 

SYMPTOMS

Aching pain in the lower back on either one or both sides. This pain is usually worse with movement and can be particularly bad in the morning and after periods of sitting or inactivity, e.g. driving. More serious cases can refer pain and aching into the leg and also cause pins and needles or tingling in the legs and feet. Heat and painkillers will usually ease the pain. Seek advice from your GP before taking any medication.

 

TREATMENT

Again this type of injury can respond well to Physiotherapy treatment. Treatment can include Sports Massage, Manipulation/Mobilisation, Core Strengthening programs, general exercise, Postural Advice, Heat Therapy, and Functional Rehabilitation.

 

 

Slipped Disk/Disk Hernia/Prolapsed Disk/Intervertebral Disc Injury

CAUSE

Traumatic Disk Injuries usually occur when lifting something incorrectly or too heavy. The chances of injury are increased if this lifting is combined with a twist in the lower back.

 

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms include sudden onset of pain usually on only one side of the back. This can radiate across both sides with time. Pain can be made worse or brought on with coughing or sneezing as well. Pain and aching can also be felt into the buttocks, legs, and feel as well as pins and needle or tingling. Symptoms are usually made worse by bending forwards or sideways, as well as trying to lift or carrying anything. Straightening or extending the back will ease the symptoms.

 

TREATMENT

Most Slipped Disks will heal over time without the need for surgery. However, it can take time for this to happen and treatment may be needed over a period of weeks or months. Physiotherapy treatment can be very effective and may include Sports Massage, Mobilisation to the spine, Core Exercises, general exercises, Acupuncture, Heat Therapy, and Stretching. In sever or chronic cases, surgery may be required to remove the disk and stabilise the area. This is only usually considered when there is sever leg pain or neurological problems.

 

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